Accomodation Terms

Accommodative Monetary Policy

When a central bank (such as the Federal Reserve) attempts to expand the overall money supply to boost the economy when growth is slowing (as measured by GDP). This is done to encourage more spending from consumers and businesses by making money less expensive to borrow by lowering the interest rate. Furthermore, the Federal Reserve also has the authority to purchase Treasuries on the open market to infuse capital into a weakening economy. Accommodative Monetary Policy is also known as an "easy monetary policy".

The Federal Reserve adopted an accommodative monetary policy during the late stages of the bear market that began in late 2000. When the economy finally showed signs of a rebound, the Fed eased up on the accommodative measures, eventually moving to a tight monetary policy in 2003.

Accommodation Endorsement

A written agreement from one entity to back the credit liability of another. This insurance is made without consideration, and adds strength to the creditworthiness of the insured entity. This would usually be made by a parent company to a subsidiary, and allows the subsidiary to take on the parent's credit standing. An accommodation endorsement is similar to a government guaranteeing a third party's debt with its full faith and credit.

This concept is used in everyday life as well. For example, someone who is young and has no credit established to qualify for a credit card or loan, may be able to qualify if a parent or guardian co-signs. This process is similar to accommodation endorsement.

Accommodation Trading

A type of trading in which a trader accommodates another by entering into a non-competitive purchase or sale order. An accommodation trade is often executed when two traders are participating in illegal trading.

An accommodation trade could occur when two traders agree to exchange a stock for a price well below the market value, allowing the seller to realize a large capital loss on the shares. For example, suppose that Bill purchased stock in Company XYZ at $55 per share. With tax season coming soon, Bill decides to sell the stock to Joe for $45, even though the shares are currently trading at $60. Bill realizes a capital loss of $10 per share, which he can use to lower the taxes paid on any capital gains on other investments. After the taxes are filed, Joe sells the stock back to Bill at $45. This trade, also known as a wash sale, allows Bill to cheat the tax system, while never actually losing any value on the stock.

Accommodation Paper

A negotiable instrument that provides a third-party promise of payment in the case that the original borrower does not live up to the terms of the original transaction. Accommodation papers are usually used to support one party's creditworthiness through endorsement by a second party with a better credit rating.

Accommodation papers enable borrowers to obtain loans for which they would not otherwise be qualified, and may also reduce the rate of interest the borrower will be charged. For example, accommodation papers may be used by parents who want to help their children obtain credit for the first time, or by parent companies supporting their subsidiaries.

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